The World Health Organisation (WHO) is calling on governments and healthcare leaders to address persistent threats to the health and safety of health workers and patients.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has reminded all of us of the vital role health workers play to relieve suffering and save lives,” noted Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General.
“No country, hospital or clinic can keep its patients safe unless it keeps its health workers safe. WHO’s Health Worker Safety Charter is a step towards ensuring that health workers have the safe working conditions, the training, the pay and the respect they deserve.”
The pandemic has also highlighted the extent to which protecting health workers is key to ensuring a functioning health system and a functioning society.The Charter, released on World Patient Safety Day (17 September), calls on governments and those running health services at local levels to take a number of actions to better protect health workers.
These include steps to protect health workers from violence; to improve their mental health; to protect them from physical and biological hazards; to advance national programmes for health worker safety, and to connect health worker safety policies to existing patient safety policies.
While health workers represent less than three per cent of the population in the large majority of countries and less than two per cent in almost all low- and middle-income countries, around 14% of Covid-19 cases reported to WHO are among health workers. In some countries, the proportion can be as high as 35%.
However, data availability and quality are limited, and it is not possible to establish whether health workers were infected in the workplace or in community settings. Thousands of health workers infected with coronavirus have lost their lives worldwide.
The pandemic has also placed extraordinary levels of psychological stress on health workers exposed to high-demand settings for long hours, living in constant fear of disease exposure while separated from family and facing social stigmatisation.
A recent review of healthcare professionals found that one in four reported depression and anxiety, one in three suffered insomnia during COVID-19, while WHO has also highlighted an alarming rise in reports of verbal harassment, discrimination and physical violence among health workers in the wake of Covid-19.